ITC Accounting and Tax Consultancy

Financial Reporting - Cash Flow Statement

Financial reporting in accounting refers to the process of presenting financial information about a company’s performance and financial position to external parties, such as investors, creditors, regulators, and other stakeholders. The primary purpose of financial reporting is to provide relevant, accurate, and timely information that allows these external users to make informed decisions about the company.

Cash Flow Statement: This statement outlines the company’s cash inflows and outflows during a specific period, categorized into operating, investing, and financing activities.

Cash flow statements are important for several reasons as they provide valuable insights into a company’s financial health and performance. Here are some key reasons why cash flow statements are essential:

  • Liquidity Assessment: Cash flow statements show the sources and uses of cash during a specific period. By analyzing the operating, investing, and financing activities, stakeholders can determine whether the company has enough cash to meet its short-term obligations and fund its operations. It helps assess the company’s liquidity position, indicating its ability to pay bills, salaries, and other immediate financial commitments.


  • Investment and Expansion Decisions: Cash flow statements aid in making informed investment decisions. Potential investors or lenders can evaluate how a company plans to finance its capital expenditures and expansion initiatives. Positive cash flow from operating activities provides a more reliable source of funding for growth than relying on external financing.
  • Transparency and Accountability: Cash flow statements contribute to the transparency and accountability of a company’s financial reporting. Stakeholders can see how the company manages its cash resources and can hold management accountable for cash flow decisions.


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This article was published on  23 July 2023

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